WS>>Marine Stewardship Council CSD Position Paper

Carl W. Spitzer IV 75313.2601 at COMPUSERVE.COM
Wed Feb 3 23:40:24 MST 1999


            Marine Stewardship Council CSD Position Paper

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     Seems the communists in the UN are not satisfied killing our
     young men in illegal wars now they want to kill the American
     fishing  industry.  don't wexpect help from  this  executive
     order  happy tyrant with the free willie he  probabily  will
     sell our the America fisherman ASAP as he did the miners and
     investors in UTAH.     CWSIV
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          Fishermen:

          Many may have access to the information here.  The
          International  Year  of the  Ocean  Conference  in
          Monterey  was  a  step.  August  18  Monterey  Bay
          Aquarium hosted the UN ecology groups WWF, UN FAO,
          World Conservation Organizations, announcement for
          the  October  Rome meeting  outlined  below.   The
          request  for  input went  out.   This  Sustainable
          Development  plan below states the worldwide  plan
          letter.  Overfishing is a focus.  Marine  Steward-
          ship measures of, reducing "effort" by buying back
          boats.  This concerns me as it has been  projected
          by the East coast planners that the remaining feet
          may pay back the cost.  "Steward in a third party"
          program gives me concern either voluntary or  not.
          "views of stakeholders were actively sought."

          Thank  you  for accepting this post.   I  see  the
          stocks  have been divided.  Usually it  is  easier
          for  them.   You  are the people  closest  to  the
          situation.   You hold a Ph.D.  in fishing.   Never
          ever let anyone tell you otherwise.

          Best Regards,
          Kathy




                   _______________________________

     Position  Paper submitted to the Seventh Session of  the  UN
     Commission  on Sustainable Development 1999 (CSD-7)  by  the
     Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)

     Opportunities at CSD 99

          CSD-7  in April 1999 presents governments  from  around
     the  world  with  a real opportunity  to  demonstrate  their
     recognition of the serious crisis facing the world's  oceans
     as a result of over-fishing.

          As  a  major renewable resource,  fisheries  provide  a
     livelihood  for hundreds of thousands of people  around  the
     world,  sustaining  coastal communities and  representing  a
     valuable source of income to the global economy.  In  devel-
     oping countries, fish products are a vital source of protein
     for millions of people.  Clearly, the responsible management
     of  the world's fisheries for the benefit of future  genera-
     tions is of the utmost importance.

          If the marine industry is to continue to operate as  an
     important  source of employment and wealth  then  innovative
     approaches are required to secure its future.  The Food  and
     Agriculture  Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)  esti-
     mates that 70% of the world's commercially important  marine
     fish stocks are either fully fished, over-exploited, deplet-
     ed, or slowly recovering.  The FAO predicts that another  10
     to 20 million tonnes of fish could be caught world-wide  for
     direct  human consumption through better  fisheries  manage-
     ment.

          Fishery management systems can and do produce  sustain-
     able fisheries, but they face greatly increased  environmen-
     tal,  resource and social challenges.   Clearly,  innovative
     approaches must be found that have the potential to  further
     improve fisheries and turn chronic over-fishing into  recov-
     ery  and sustainability.  Market-based approaches can  func-
     tion  as innovative, efficient and effective complements  to
     regulatory systems.

          The Marine Stewardship Council believes that along with
     other  measures  (e.g.   reducing 'effort'  by  buying  back
     boats, decommissioning, setting responsible and  appropriate
     catch  limits,  banning certain fishing  practices  and  the
     introduction of better management regimes), an  independent,
     third  party certification scheme such as that developed  by
     the MSC has a valuable role to play in achieving sustainable
     fishing throughout the world.

          Indeed,  Unilever plc./NV, which annually buys  25%  of
     the world's white fish, has pledged not to buy fish products
     which  do not come from a sustainable source after the  year
     2005.

               The Marine Stewardship Council Approach

          The  MSC  proposes a new approach that  uses  incentive
     structures to bring benefits to fishermen, fish  processors,
     traders,  retailers and consumers through the adoption of  a
     more sustainable approach to fisheries exploitation.

          At the heart of this approach is a set of Principles  &
     Criteria  for  Sustainable Fishing which will be used  as  a
     standard  in a third party, independent but  voluntary  cer-
     tification programme.  The Principles & Criteria were devel-
     oped  through  an extensive  and  transparent  international
     consultation process where the views of stakeholders  around
     the world were actively sought.


          Note:Defining a Sustainable Fishery

          The  MSC  urges governments to note the  following  key
     principles,  as set out in the MSC's Principles  &  Criteria
     (and  drawn from the key principles of the FAO Code of  Con-
     duct), i.e.  that a sustainable fishery:-

     *    can be continued indefinitely at a level that does  not
          deplete the target population, and allows it to recover
          to healthy levels from past depletion;


     *    maintains  and seeks to maximise ecological health  and
          abundance;

     *    maintains the diversity, structure and function of  the
          eco-system  on which it depends as well as the  quality
          of  its  habitat,  minimising the  adverse  effects  it
          causes;

     *    is  managed  and operated in a responsible  manner,  in
          conformity with local, national and international  laws
          and regulations;

     *    maintains  present and future economic and  social  op-
          tions and benefits;

     *    is  conducted in a socially and economically  fair  and
          responsible manner.


          The  MSC  Principles & Criteria are intended  to  build
          upon and complement the existing work of  international
          institutions  such as FAO.  They are also  designed  to
          recognise that management efforts are most likely to be
          successful  in accomplishing the goals of  conservation
          and the sustainable use of marine resources when  there
          is  full  co-operation  across the  whole  spectrum  of
          fisheries stakeholders.

          The  MSC  therefore urges Governments and  the  CSD  to
          agree to action that will:-

     *    Reward sustainable fishing practices;

     *    Encourage their fishing industries to engage positively
          in  the  ongoing development of  independent  voluntary
          certification;

     *    Seek, where appropriate, to establish national  fisher-
          ies laws which are designed to encourage sustainability
          and enforced to this end;

     *    Promote  common  action among nations  whose  fishermen
          exploit a common resource.

          Further Measures

          Independent  voluntary  certification is  part  of  the
     solution but other measures are of course needed if sustain-
     able fisheries are to become a reality.

          The MSC therefore urges Governments to:-

     *    Become  party  to the 1995 UN Agreement  on  Straddling
          Fish  Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks by  April
          1999, in order to demonstrate that they take the alarm-
          ing  decline in fish stocks seriously.  This  agreement
          is still short of twelve parties required to come  into
          effect (only 18 have joined, including 3 in 1998).

          The  MSC further asks Governments and the CSD to  agree
          to take action on:-

     *    Reducing subsidies which encourage unsustainable  fish-
          ing.   Governments continue to pay tens of billions  of
          dollars each year in subsidies to support  over-capita-
          lised commercial fishing fleets.

     *    Reviewing destructive fishing practices with a view  to
          ending their use;

     *    Developing robust monitoring, control and  surveillance
          programmes;

     *    Developing  or  subscribing to  credible  and  reliable
          fisheries data gathering systems;

     *    Developing coastal zone management plans;

     *    Producing fishmeal/oil from sustainable fish  resources
          or producing them from the by-products of fish process-
          ing.

     *    Setting  clear  targets  for  fisheries  sustainability
          within their EEZ's and subjecting them to reviews which
          determine their efficacy.

          Conclusion

          The  International  Year of the Ocean  in  1998  helped
     focus attention on marine-related issues.  However many  key
     issues were left unresolved.  CSD-7 must now deliver further
     progress.   In order to be credible, the CSD must place  the
     issues  concerning over-fishing at the core of  its  discus-
     sions  and recognise that governmental action on  addressing
     the problem of over-fishing to date has had limited success.
     Governments  have the opportunity to lend their support  and
     encouragement  to the search for sustainable development  in
     oceans and seas by:-

      1.  Acknowledging market incentives, including  independent
          voluntary  certification, as a valid part of the  solu-
          tion;

      2.  Taking action on the areas outlined above.



          Further information


          Additional  material  on the  MSC,  including  its
          Principles & Criteria for Sustainable Fishing  and
          a list of international supporters, is attached.

          All enquiries should be addressed to:-

          Brendan May
          External Affairs Director
          Marine Stewardship Council
          119 Altenburg Gardens
          London SW11 1JQ
          United Kingdom
          Tel:+44 171 3500018  <<<<---- How dare the B tell USA what to do
          Fax:+44 171 3501231
          ___________________

          NOTE:-


          The  MSC  will be hosting its  own  conference  on
          Sustainable  Fisheries,  chaired by  three  former
          Environment  Ministers, at the United  Nations  in
          New York this year.  The event will take place  on
          the eve of the ministerial discussions at CSD '99,
          on April 19th.




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                    GOD save America from herself
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