WS>>lessons in sovereignty

carl william spitzer iv cwsiv_2nd at JUNO.COM
Tue Oct 10 18:26:21 MDT 2000

     "Leave no authority existing not responsible to the people."
     Thomas  Jefferson  to I.   Tiffany - 1816  "Justice  is  the
     fundamental law of society."

     Jefferson  to P.   Dupont, 1816 "Law is often  the  tyrant's
     will,  and always so when it violates the right of an  indi-
     vidual." --Thomas Jefferson to I.   Tiffany, 1819

     "Every  government degenerates when entrusted to the  rulers
     of the people alone." --Thomas Jefferson:

     Notes  on Virginia, 1782 "Experience [has] shown that,  even
     under  the best forms [of gevernment], those entrusted  with
     power  have,  in time and by slow operations,  perverted  it
     into  tyranny." --Thomas Jefferson:  Diffusion of  Knowledge
     Bill,  1779 "You have rights antecedent to all earthly  gov-
     ernments;  rights that cannot be repealed or  restrained  by
     human laws; rights derived from the Great Legislator of  the
     Universe."  --John  Adams, Second President  of  the  United
     States  "The jury has a right to judge both the law as  well
     as  the  fact in controversy." John Jay, 1st  Chief  Justice
     United States supreme Court, 1789

     "The  jury has the right to determine both the law  and  the
     facts."  Samuel Chase, U.S.   supreme Court  Justice,  1796,
     Signer of the unanimous Declaration

     "the  jury has the power to bring a verdict in the teeth  of
     both  law and fact." Oliver Wendell Holmes,  U.S.    supreme
     Court  Justice,  1902 "The law itself is on trial  quite  as
     much  as  the  cause  which is to  be  decided."  Harlan  F.
     Stone,  12th Chief Justice U.S.   supreme Court,  1941  "The
     pages of history shine on instance of the jury's exercise of
     its  prerogative to disregard instructions of the  judge..."
     U.S.   vs Dougherty, 473 F 2nd 113, 1139, (1972)

     "All  laws which are repugnant to the Constitution are  null
     and void.   " Marbury vs Madison, 5 US (2 Cranch) 137,  174,
     176, (1803)

     "Where  rights  secured by the  Constitution  are  involved,
     there  can  be  no rule making or  legislation  which  would
     abrogate them" Miranda vs Arizona, 384 US 436 p.   491.

     "An unconstitutional act is not law; it confers no right; it
     imposes  no  duties; affords no protection;  it  creates  no
     office;  it  is in legal contemplation,  as  inoperative  as
     though  it had never been passed." Norton vs  Shelby  County
     118 US 425 p.442 "No one is bound to obey an unconstitution-
     al law and no courts are bound to enforce it." 16th American
     Jurisprudence 2d, Section 177 late 2nd, Section 256

        From: Mike Kemp <minutemn at>

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